Major John C Canty – Death of a Fenian Leader

Major John C Canty, the Chief Intelligence Officer for the Fenian Brotherhood in 1866, is listed in several accounts as being killed during the Battle of Ridgeway. 

There is also some confusion as to whether he was buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in Lackawanna in 1866 or lived on. O’Neill’s report even refers to Canty within his post action account of the Raid to the Brotherhood as “giving great assistance”, but there was no acknowledgement of Canty being a casualty. 

Furthermore, there are no newspaper accounts of Canty’s death or funeral for an officer of such high ranking in the local Buffalo newspapers after the battle, like there was for Captain Edward Lonergan or other Fenians, like Pvt Eugene Corcoran, who were casualties. 

Fenian Head Centre for Buffalo, Patrick O’Day, and the auctioneer who warehoused the weapons for the Fenian Raid, wrote in his January 4, 1868 newspaper, the Fenian Volunteer, mentioning Canty had moved to the West:

“Col John Canty – It affords as the most sincere gratification to learn that the above popular gentleman and starling Irish patriot is located pleasantly and with flattering prospects in the fair city of San Francisco, California. Those who know Col Canty well will be the most gratified to hear thus of his welfare, while the citizens of San Francesco may rest assured that they will find in him a man of honor and well worth in every relation.”

A series of Buffalo City city directories, continue to establish John C Canty living in that city before and after 1866, until 1879, working as a tailor. One can only surmise, being a  tailor by trade, accounts of Canty being an employee of Canada’s Grand Trunk Railway was just a temporary cover for a Fenian spy who lived briefly in Canada scouting out the area for military operations before the Raid. 

By 1880, records indicate he moved permanently to San Francisco, California, still working as a tailor, then relocated to Oakland in 1889. Canty may have been returning to Buffalo while he maintained residences in both Buffalo and San Francisco but that is highly unlikely. California city directories nor newspapers during this time, do not pick up his arrival or living in the West, however Buffalo city directories still list him throughout those years. It would be quite a distance to travel back and forth, coast to coast, as well as costly or perhaps the Fenian Volunteer newspaper announcement was a rouse by the Fenian Intelligence Officer to put English Authorities off his track, who he believed were still hunting him, as his obituary alludes.

Major Canty’s obituary did appeared in several local west coast newspapers in March 1896 headlined “Death Of A Fenian Leader” and the obit was then picked up throughout the rest of country with similar descriptions of having died in Oakland, California, attributing his involvement with the Fenian Raid into Canada, with an inaccurate year of the Raid, but close. 

Being on the run from detectives in the English Government may perhaps be a bit exaggerated, but Patrick O’Day 1868 Fenian Volunteer article could provide that explaination. In the least it’s more proof that Canty lived on after the 1866 Raid into Canada West. 

The early demise of The Chief Intelligence Officer for the Fenian Brotherhood after the Battle of Ridgeway in June 1866 is clearly inaccurate. His final resting place, is verified by newspaper accounts, historical and genealogical research as well as the California Medical Examiners death certificate, which noted is final resting place and can be found here on the burial website of Find A Grave. 

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSvcid=547862&GRid=88731570

88731570_1483557204

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